What is Uveitis?
Uveitis is a disease emerging as a result of inflammation of the vascular layer in the eye (uvea). Uvea is responsible for vascular feeding of the entire eye as it is the vascular tissue of the eye. Any inflammation in the uvea both affects all of the structures from the cornea to the visual nerve and threatens vision seriously. Uveitis is a disease mostly seen in adults.
What are the Causes of Uveitis?
Uveitis both may be caused by factors such as viruses, fungi and parasites and may emerge as a sign in the eye of a disease in the body. Also uveitis may be seen in company with various systemic diseases (behçet’s disease, rheumatoid, arthritis lupus, etc.).
What are the Symptoms of Uveitis?
Uveitis is a disease which has no signs in some cases and can be only detected during an examination. Even if the patient has no complaints, he/she has to be examined for establishment of the diagnosis. Also evaluation of the issue by an eye doctor with the FFA and other examination methods is of importance. Examinations on diseases that may be associated with uveitis may be also required.
What are its Primary Symptoms?
Vascularisation and oedema in iris
Inflammatory cells in front of the vitreous and behind the lens
Gradually increasing headaches
Sensitivity to light
Severe pain in the eyeball or supraorbital
Redness in eyes, floaters, dazzle
Decrease in vision
Spots appearing in vision
How is the Treatment of Uveitis Performed?
Uveitis is a serious disease that may lead to irrecoverable damages in eyes. It should be treated as soon as possible. When the treatment is started late, the disease progresses and it may have permanent effects such as deformities in pupils, cataract, and increased eye pressure. During the treatment process, corticosteroids and drops enlarging the pupil reduce inflammations and pains. For more severe inflammations, oral and intravenous medications, orbital and intraocular injections and surgical interventions may be required.